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Laws & Regulations

Techlawtopia provides free and open access to a consolidated database of laws and regulations relating to technology, media, telecommunications and intellectual property law in India. These texts incorporate the latest amendments, and have been manually edited for consistency in spelling, grammar and formatting. Please read the disclaimer and copyright notice before you proceed.

Information Technology Act is the primary legislation dealing with electronic communications in India. It regulates the provision of online services and provides the legal and regulatory framework for electronic transactions. It also contains penalties for various cyber crimes, while granting safe harbours to online intermediaries. The IT act empowers the government to formulate regulations governing privacy, cybersecurity, e-governance and intermediary liability, besides other issues.

Privacy Rules govern the collection, processing, disclosure and transfer of sensitive personal information. The Privacy Rules impose consent and notification requirements, information security standards and obligations to publish a privacy policy.

Intermediary Guidelines prescribe minimum due diligence requirements that online service providers must satisfy to qualify for safe harbours under the IT Act. It prescribes the notice and takedown procedure, the requirements for a website’s ‘terms of service’, privacy policy, and other legal requirements for online platforms.

Interception, Monitoring & Decryption Rules prescribe the procedure and conditions under which the government can access the content of electronic communications to prevent the commission of certain offences, for investigation purposes, or in the interest of national security.

Monitoring and Collecting Traffic Data Rules pertain to collection of metadatainformation about the source, destination, route, duration, time stamp etc. of electronic communications in order to investigate cybersecurity incidents, and contain procedural safeguards to ensure that monitoring or collection does not take place without authorisation.

Website Blocking Rules describe the procedure to be followed in order to block access to online information, including the process by which an individual can send a complaint to take down certain content.

Copyright Act and the  Copyright Rules provides a comprehensive framework for copyright law in India, including licensing and assignment mechanisms, registration, administration of copyright societies, grounds for infringement and exceptions to copyright.

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