Laws & Regulations
Techlawtopia provides free and open access to a consolidated database of laws and regulations relating to technology, media, telecommunications and intellectual property law in India. These texts incorporate the latest amendments, and have been manually edited for consistency in spelling, grammar and formatting. Please read the disclaimer and copyright notice before you proceed.
Information Technology Act is the primary legislation dealing with electronic communications in India. It regulates the provision of online services and provides the legal and regulatory framework for electronic transactions. It also contains penalties for various cyber crimes, while granting safe harbours to online intermediaries. The IT act empowers the government to formulate regulations governing privacy, cybersecurity, e-governance and intermediary liability, besides other issues.
Interception, Monitoring & Decryption Rules prescribe the procedure and conditions under which the government can access the content of electronic communications to prevent the commission of certain offences, for investigation purposes, or in the interest of national security.
Monitoring and Collecting Traffic Data Rules pertain to collection of metadata—information about the source, destination, route, duration, time stamp etc.— of electronic communications in order to investigate cybersecurity incidents, and contain procedural safeguards to ensure that monitoring or collection does not take place without authorisation.
Website Blocking Rules describe the procedure to be followed in order to block access to online information, including the process by which an individual can send a complaint to take down certain content.
Copyright Act read with the Copyright Rules provides a comprehensive framework for copyright law in India, including licensing and assignment mechanisms, registration, administration of copyright societies, grounds for infringement and exceptions to copyright.
Unified License was introduced in light of the convergence of communications, allowing a licensee to offer multiple services such as voice and data communication, internet access, long distance carriage and satellite communication services. It prescribes certain minimum financial eligibility requirements and enumerates the various service areas in India. It also contains an expanded list of definitions and a copy of the application. The migration guidelines describe the process for existing licensees to migrate to the unified licensing regime.
OSP Registration must be obtained by any company that provides an ‘application service’ in India, including the operation of a network operation centre or call centre, and include the provision of various ‘IT-enabled services’ involving the use of telecom resources in India.
UAS License allows service providers to offer fixed and wireless communication services, including voice and data collection, carriage, transmission and delivery, besides CUG and other value added services.
ISP License allows private entities to offer internet access through the use of any device or technology, including internet telephony and IPTV services, subject to applicable restrictions.
NLD License allows private entities to carry telecommunications services over a long distance. An NLD licensee is permitted to carry network traffic from one telecom circle in India to another, over a seamless nation-wide long distance network.
ILD License connect networks in one part of the world with those of another.
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